Gender Equity Restricted: Indian Demographic Transition Delayed
- 1. Introduction.
- 2. Demographic transition
- 3. Technological contributions
- 4. Gender equity
- 5. Hindu caste
- 6. Marriage and class in India
- 7. Family structures
- 8. Class maintenance and improvement
- 9. Need for sons
- 10. Female bonding impaired
- 11. Taravads of Kerala
- 12. Conclusion
This paper begins with a focus on the processes of the demographic transition with particular reference to India in the twentieth century. We place India at the low end of the world spectrum of per capita availability of resources. We note the introduction of new technologies which have increased well-being more in Kerala than in India. Next we define gender equity, the major variable within this Indian scenario. This definition will be shown as integral to the robust data on female-to-male ratios and their abnormal decline in India. Fatal daughter syndrome will be shown as the cause of the low female-to-male ratios in the Indian context of limited resources combined with the strong valuation of male lineage. Finally, the parallel traditions of patrilineage in India and matrilineage in Kerala (within India) will be examined and described as integral to gender equity.
In large human populations we observe demographic transitions -- actions and behaviors of societies or cultures causing death-rate declines which in due course cause birth-rates to decline leading to the stabilization of human numbers. Given at least a generation of time, a desired cause, longer human life produces a desired effect, smaller families. Knowledge of this human behavior is frequently applied in public-policy -- improving human life conditions which lengthen life in order to cause birth-rate declines.
This is a preview of the full article.
The full content is reserved to our indivudual and institutional subscribers.
To view the full article, either ask your library to subscribe to the Journal of South Asia Women Studies, or support the Asiatica Association by subscribing to our journals.
To subscribe, please fill in the registration form below. You will then be able to choose a subscription plan. If you already have a subscription, please log in using the box at the bottom of this page to view this article.
Membership plans for individuals
|Subscription Type||Validity||Details||Price (EUR)|
|JSAWS Printed Issues||-||Receive a printed copy of our collected issues. Packing and postage included.||35.00|
|Web Access Standard - IJTS||12||Web access to the International Journal of Tantric Studies.||50.00|
|Web Access Standard - JSAWS||12||Web access to the Journal of South Asia Women Studies.||50.00|
|JSAWS Full||12||Web access to the Journal of South Asia Women Studies, plus a copy of our collected issues. Packing and postage included.||80.00|
|Web Access Extended||12||Web access to all of our journals.||90.00|
|Ordinary Membership||12||Web access to all of our journals, plus a tax deduction statement for donating to the Asiatica Association. The displayed amount represents the minimum donation.||100.00|
|Founding Membership||-||Lifetime web access to all journals, plus a tax deduction statement for donating to the Asiatica Association. The amount displayed represents the minimum donation.||1,500.00|