India and Pakistan decades of tensions have been escalating since the suicide car bombing that happened in Pulwama on 14 February 2019. In the bombing, a militant from Jammu and Kashmir killed 40 Indian Central Reserve Police Force members. The terrorist group Jaish-e-Mohammed claimed responsibility, while Pakistan's government condemned the attack. Reacting to the attack, on 26 February the Indian Air Force conducted airstrikes inside Pakistan. Since then, India and Pakistan have retaliated one another with a series of actions, while most nations worldwide expressed concerned, and Turkey and Iran offered to mediate the crisis.
The conflict between India and Pakistan is one of the conflicts worldwide threatening the global security due to the geopolitical importance and instability of the region. To see more on the other major ongoing conflicts, see the Global Conflict Tracker of the Center for Preventive Actions (CPA), which “aims to help policymakers devise timely and practical strategies to prevent and mitigate armed conflict around the world, especially in places that pose the greatest risk to U.S. interests".